Composition of Chemical Compounds in the Portland Cement

Examples Terrace Minimalist
Cement is a material that has the adhesive and cohesive properties are used as a binder (bonding material) which is used together with gravel, sand, and water. Portland cement will tie aggregate grains (fine and coarse) after being given water and then would harden into a solid mass. concrete batching plant
Portland Cement is the main ingredient or component of concrete that serves as the most important inorganic binder with the aid of water and hardens hydraulically. Portland Cement shall meet the necessary requirements in this regulation (1971). Portland Cement is to unite the fine aggregate and coarse aggregate so that hardens into concrete. The components of Portland cement raw material is good, that (Tjokrodimuljo, 1996):

(1) Limestone (CaO) = 60-67%
(2) Sand Silica (SiO2) = 17-25%
(3) Alumina (Al2O3) = 0.3 to 0.8%
(4) Clay (Al2O3) = 0.3 to 0.8%
(5) Magnesia (MgO) = 0.3 to 0.8%
(6) Sulfur (SO3) = from 0.3 to 0.8%

Kardiyono (1996: 6) mentions that basically can be mentioned 4 the most important element of the Portland Cement is:
(1) Tricalcium Silicate (C3S) or 3CaO.SiO2
(2) dicalcium silicate (C2S) or 2CaO.SiO2
(3) Tricalcium aluminate (C3A) or 3CaO.Al2O3
(4) Tetrakalsium Aluminoferit (C4AF) or 4CaO.Al2O3.FeO3

According SAGEL et al (1994: 1) “Portland Cement is a hydraulic cement consisting mainly of calcium silicates which are hydraulically together with additional ingredients used is gypsum”. Furthermore Nawy (1990: 9) provides the sense of portland cement (PC) are:
Portland cement is made from fine powder crystalline minerals whose main ingredient is calcium or limestone (CaO), Alumunia (Al2O3), Sand silicate (SiO2) and materials iron ore (FeO2) and compounds MgO and SO3, the addition of water in this mineral will produce a pasta that if dries will is as strong as a rock.

When droplets of Portland cement with water, the granules will be broken completely to become hydrated and form a mortar. If the mixture is added to the sand and gravel are stirred together will produce concrete mix. Ismoyo (1996: 156) says, “Portland cement is a binder which saw the presence of water and hardens hydraulically”. Furthermore, Murdock and Brook (1991: 66) says:
Cement is a type of material that has properties (adhesive) and cohesive (cohesive) which allows the attachment of mineral fragments into a solid mass. Although this definition can be applied to many types of materials, cement intended for construction of reinforced concrete is finished and hardened materials in the presence of water called hydraulic cement (hidrolic Cements).

From the opinions of the cement can be taken understanding that portland cement is a binder that has adhesive and cohesive properties that allow mutual mineral fragments attached to one another when mixed with water and then harden to form a solid mass.
Hydraulic cement include portland cement, white cement and cement alumunia. Concrete used for the manufacture of portland cement and portland cement pozzoland. Portland cement is a hydraulic cement produced from lime and clay materials were burned to melt, having formed clinker which is then crushed, crushed and added to the cast in appropriate amounts. While pozzoland portland cement is cement made with menggilang together portland cement clinker and materials that have properties pozzoland (Kardiyono, 1996: 11).
Portland cement is used as a structural material must have the appropriate quality with precision in order to function effectively. Checks carried out on the still form the dry form, the cement paste that has been hard, and concrete made from it.
Chemical properties that need attention is the freshness of the cement itself. The less weight means better lose freshness cement. Under normal circumstances the weight loss of about 2%, and maximum allowable loss of 3%. Weight loss occurs due to the presence of moisture and carbon dioxide in the form of free lime or magnesium were evaporated.

Semen Characteristics of Good and Qualified

For all of us engaged in the world structure / construction, cement as how to choose a good adhesive building material is not difficult. As with the ordinary people who are not necessarily related to concrete batching plant the material of cement, building materials, or other construction tools. If you all want to use cement, how do you all know that the cement is cement and nice? Here are some tips on how to choose adhesive cement building materials and nice:
No clumping / hard
Pekerat building materials “cement” the physical / visible, do not agglomerate / loud. Cement that has long kept can form clumps which will be destroyed if squeezed and eventually harden (grit). If you see a physical cement like this, poke, or sieve was the cement in order to separate the parts of the clumping or already hardened, the part that does not clot can later be used as a mixture, whereas the clot should not be forced to wear, because it reacts with water vapor / humidity and will only be a weak part in plaster / concrete / acian, (brittle).
time to harden
There are two time measured in a mixture of cement building materials, namely the initial bonding time (setting time) and the time of bonding the end (final setting). Time connective beginning is the time required since cement is mixed with water from plastic condition becomes plastic, where the time required for this process ± 45 minutes. Final bonding time is the elapsed time since the cement is mixed with water from a plastic condition becomes stiff / hard. The standard size to be dry mortar ± 6-7 hours. So the sooner a hardening mixture of cement, the stronger the resulting quality, can be said is not right. In fact, the sooner the hardened cement means faster rate of hydration reaction. Hydration reaction produces heat, so the temperature is high. High temperatures will cause cracks in concrete / plaster / acian so that the quality, strength and rigidity decrease.
Digesters denser and adhesion
Building materials such as cement that is rich in minerals and metals can help produce a mix that is very solid. Elements that play a role in determining the nature lekatanya is C3S. Good adhesion between the cement paste with aggregate to produce a mixture of solid building materials and the best. Solid mixtures produce building materials concrete / plaster / acian quality and grade.
Perfect sealed packaging
Pekerat quality building materials such as cement and good quality will be maintained if the packaging is also maintained, in terms of closed, not wet, and there are no scars fillings. Before buying, it’s worth wrapping paper checks still sealed with cement meeting or not.
Logo SNI (Indonesian National Standard)
Before choosing pekerat building materials such as cement, first make sure the certificate that has been achieved by the brand correctly. SNI logo could be or have been internationally certified. For example, for one of Tiga Roda cement has been produced following the Indonesian National Standard (SNI), American Standard (ASTM) and European Standards (EN).
Both in storage
How to save adhesive materials such as cement good pile of them is the amount does not exceed 2 meters and protected from high humidity. Preferably not in direct contact with the floor and walls with padding (pallet / timber) will make cement always warm conditions. In addition, a good cement stacked close together to reduce the large air circulation.

Role of Amino Acids in Wight Loss

Amino acids and weight loss are 2 traits which go hand in hand. This is due to the fact that several of them are scientifically proven to be an efficient method so about drop weight.

One such amino acid is that of the L-Carnitine. L-Carnitine is one of the them that can be discovered in the human body. It is essential in every human body as it is that moves the fats to the body’s mitochondria which subsequently would certainly break down these fats so as to produce some metabolic energy. However, this is not just for effective weight loss as L-Carnitine is additionally taken into consideration to be a reliable therapy versus some heart conditions. Moreover, it likewise assists in increasing one’s memory as well as cognitive function.


An additional amino acid which can help a person in slimming down is the L-Glutamine. L-glutamine is the amino acid which is most abundant in the human body. Usually, L-Glutamine is not just utilized to shed some weight as it is likewise used so regarding provide energy and construct muscle.

The intake of them could help in the decrease of weight as it helps in the law of the body’s blood sugar level degree. Furthermore, they are also responsible for the decrease of the body’s sugar yearning.

So bear in mind, having some understanding concerning amino acids as well as effective weight loss are crucial. This is so considering that it will certainly not just assist you have that ideal body yet will also help you have that healthy way of living. more info at

Omega 3 For Weight management

Omega 3 for weight management is not just other good news that we are talking about; it is in fact a truth that is being revealed.

There are essentially 3 major kinds of fatty acids – alpha linolenic acid or ALA, docosahexaenoic acid or DHA and also eicosaptenaenoic acid or EPA. While the first of its kinds, which is ALA, can be derived from veggie oils, soybean, flaxseed oil and also olive oil, the various other 2, which is DHA as well as EPA can be stemmed from fish oils.


Aside from all he vital advantages of these fatty acid its fat burning phenomenon is superb. If you intend to loosened wight as well as stay healthy usage Omega 3 for weight reduction.

Omega 3 for weight management – exactly how dose it work?

It is true that eating extreme oils and fats can bring about weight gain. Thus, people exactly who want to drop weight should cut down on the fats and oils in their diet. Nonetheless it is only the unsafe fats or the hydrogenated fats that are hazardous, and also can create numerous illness, such as quick weight gain and other illness. When important fatty acids are concerned, these not dangerous for human wellness; instead these fatty acids are necessary or health and healthy at the same time.

Also, instead of adding to body weight, omega 3 allows fat loss by boosting the fat burning device of the body. Some researches have actually revealed that DHA could actually escalate the weight loss process to make it possible for quick weight reduction. Furthermore, fish oils could additionally enhance the impacts of cardiovascular exercises, which is undoubtedly an added to advantage. As fish oils have the capacity to turn on the weight loss enzymes in the body, it comes to be a lot easier for the body to melt fat.

Studies have actually proved that omega 3 for fat burning works when made use of in combination with cardiovascular exercises. This will raise metabolism and also contribute to fast effective weight loss. Fish oils often act as appetite-suppressants which assist in stopping cravings pains and controls body weight subsequently. As a matter of fact, it is additionally believed that fish oils an increase the capillary elasticity, thus promoting proper blood circulation to all the muscular tissues throughout exercise. This would certainly consequently accelerate the fat loss process.

Omega 3 for weight management – not like lots of other wight loss product.

Nowadays, there are many wight loss item on the market. a number of them are very effective in the short-term. the problem is that a few of them can actually ruin your general wellness because of shortage in particular critical nutrition while aim to eat much less. in the long-term you may actually obtain even more wight since your body would certainly not operate effectively to help assist you stay fit. When using Omega 3 for weight management, not just you will certainly make use of loose wight, you will certainly additionally boost your brain power, enhance your immune system, enhance your heart health and wellness as well as your total well being.

Dose this mean i should eat fish constantly?

When using Omega 3 for weight loss, It is ideal recommended not to eat it by eating fish. It is far more efficient to take omega 3 capsule. pills are moleculary distilled as well as are without contaminant, there fore are far more affective for wight loss as well as general health.

Overall, omega 3 consisted of in fish, is the most all-natural and also efficient in ingredient that could aid you in slimming down and maintaining it off at the same time.

Sell Home Quickly and Relocate Without Any Hassles

 – Jual Rumah Kendal – When one plans to relocate to another region, state or country there are a number of issues that need to be attended to. If you are moving with family, then there are added responsibilities like admission to school, getting the packing done and of course providing the emotional support that your kids need to take the move positively. It is extremely demanding, both physically and emotionally. Selling your home is another thing that is on your mind. You would definitely like to sell your home quickly so that the move to the new location is smooth and hassle free.

Selling your home means there is a long list of tasks that need attention. Finding a buyer, negotiating and legal matters; all this require time. It is thus, best to get started early so that you complete the entire process on time and are able to move tension-free. You may not have much time in hand and thus, you definitely need an able aid by your side who can see you through the process of selling your home quickly and that too without any hassles.

594477rumah citramas raya tampak depan 1

Finding a buyer quickly and selling home fast is not as easy as it sounds. When you are racing against time you need a buyer whom you can trust. You need a buyer who would pay you in cash and close the deal quickly. Your local real estate agent may be able to find you a buyer however, the time required for the same can really not be predicted. It may take days to many months before you are able to find a good buyer for your home.

Presentation is a matter of utmost importance. Your home should look good both from the outside as well as the inside. This is extremely important to impress your prospective buyer. If the home is not in very good condition, then you may have to get some work done. However, this means having to spend some more money before you can sell the house. Repairs mean both time and money. Not many home owners who plan to relocate would like to waste time and money, thus, this is one of the main reasons why home owners today prefer to deal with a cash property buyer.

A cash property buyer may be a new concept for many. There are several firms or companies today who buy properties for cash thus, making it easy for you to sell home fast. By simply filling out a form online, you can get a free estimate for your home from any one of the cash property buyers. You can place a request for a free quote without any obligations whatsoever to sell.

Relocating to a new place means you have a lot on your mind already. In the given situation if you have to run around trying to find a buyer, it can be cause for a lot of stress and tension. With a cash property buyer you are assured of a tension free smooth deal. With a cash offer in 24 hours and the entire procedure to sell home fast being completed in a matter of 1-3 weeks, it definitely cannot get better than this. The best thing to do therefore, is find a reputed cash property buyer and go ahead.

Discuss Calculation of Installment Credit Motor Delay Fines

Discussing Calculation of Loan Installment Delay Fine Motor kredit motor yamaha
In previous articles we have discussed about the importance of paying your motor loan installments on time. One of the points that we emphasize is that paying a loan installment of motor you are late can hurt you because there is a late fee is payable.7

In this article we will discuss about the calculation of the fine motor loans.
(In this article we only discuss the calculation of fines credits with leasing FIF & Adira. For other nominal leasing may be a little different but the outline remains the same)

1. How to Calculate the Late Payment Penalties Motor Loan Installment

Payment of fines starting from the first day you are late. Fines are calculated per day of 0.5% of the nominal installments.

Example if you are maturing every December 10 and you just pay the installments on the 15th then you’ve counted fines for 5 days. If you are nominal installments of 650,000, perhitunggan fines per day is 650,000 x 0.5% = 3,250 (per day). Then the calculation of the total fines amounted to 3,250 x 5 days = 16,250.

2. How to Pay Fine Motor Credit Installment Payment Delays

The payment can be done at the time of installment payments, or upon completion of the installment.
In some leasing there is a difference in pay fines, for example:

On leasing FIF to fines under 25,000 then the penalty payment can be done by the time you pay the installments by wire transfer or post office or Alfamart. But for a fine above 25,000 then you can just pay the fine by coming directly to the branch office leasing.
At Adira leasing, payment of fines can only be done in the office leasing concerned.
If you do not pay the fine at the time of repayment, the total amount of the fine you will be accumulated and need to be paid upon making your reg.

If you’ve been late paying installments over 30 days, the installment payment must be made directly at the branch office leasing for payment can not be made via transfer.

3. Period Tolerance Motor Credit Installment Payment Delay

The period of tolerance of late payment usually is different for each leasing.
Broadly speaking, the following is a period of tolerance.

You can be visited by collectors if you are late paying installments over 4 days.
To delay 60-90 days then your bike can be withdrawn by the leasing. In the withdrawal procedure, your name will also be blacklisted by the lease so that you can not apply for credit back to the leasing of the same.

Achieving the maximum potential life

Everyone longed for a better future; success in career, motivator indonesia terbaik
household and social relationships, but we often hit by various
obstacles. And the biggest obstacle, however, lies in ourselves.
Through his work, Joel Osteen challenges us to get out of the mindset
narrow and begin to think in the new paradigm.7

There are seven steps that we achieve the maximum potential life:

* The first step is to expand horizons. You should look at life
with the eyes of faith, look yourself being bolted to a higher level.
You should have a clear mental picture of what you will achieve.
This picture should be a part of you, in your mind, in your conversations,
seep into your subconscious mind, in deeds and in every
aspects of life.

Step two is to develop a healthy self image. That means you must
underlying picture yourself on what God says about you.
Achieve your success goals depends on how you perceive
yourself and how you feel about yourself. Because it will determine
your confidence level in the act. The fact that you do not will
never shot higher than what you think about yourself

* Step three is to discover the power behind your thoughts and your words.
The main target of enemy attacks is your mind. He knew if he had
managed to control and manipulate what you think, then he
will be managed to control and manipulate your whole life.
Your thoughts determine behavior, attitude and self image. The mind set goals.
The Bible warns us to always keep the mind.

* Step four is to release the past, let it go …
You may have lost everything that no one should experience it
in this life. If you want to live victoriously, you should not wear
trauma of the past as an excuse to make bad choices today.
You must dare not make the past as a reason for your bad attitude
during this time, or justify your actions to not forgive someone.

Step five is to find strength in the worst circumstances even
We should be: “I can just fell a couple of times in this life, but
but I would not continue to stay down there. “We all face
challenges in life. We all must experience things that come
attack us. We may be dropped from the outside, but the key to life
victory is to learn how to rise again from the inside.
Step six is ​​a cheerful giver. One of the biggest challenges
we face is the temptation to self-interest.
For we know that God does want the best for us,
He wants us to prosper, enjoy the grace and more that he has in store for us,
but sometimes we forget and get caught up in selfish behavior.
Indeed, we will experience more joy than ever imagined
if we want to share life with others.

* Step seven is to choose to be happy today. You do not have to wait
until all persoalanmu resolved. You do not have to postpone happiness
until you reach all of your target. God wants you to be happy in any condition,
right now !

pandan leaves for health benefits, among others:

1. Enhancer appetite

How: Boil 2 pandan leaves with 3 cups of water. Let the cooking water
just half. After a cold drink 2 times a day these herbs are

2. Treating arthritis

How: Prepare several pieces of pandan leaves. Then brewed with coconut oil
1 or 1/2 cup. After cold use as a liniment on the body
affected by rheumatism.

3. Overcoming impotence in men

How: Take less then 3 pieces of pandan leaves into small pieces small. After that
boil by using as much as 4 cups of water and allow it to water
The stew stay 3/4. Drink the potion morning and evening
after eating.

4. high blood pressure drugs

How: Boil a few leaves of pandanus and drink the mixture morning and evening regularly.

5. Treat dandruff

How: Take a few leaves of pandanus. Then finely crushed and wring
The pandan leaves. Apply the pandan leaves water on the head of the
dandruff evenly exposed. Allow for about 1/2 hour. Rinse
clean and repeat until the dandruff is really gone.

That Benefits Pandan leaf fragrance for health. Fragrant pandan which we know only as fragrance food apparently has a myriad of benefits that is very good for health. Therefore diligent reading and asked the experts so that we understand and know that all around us there are plants that can be used for health.

Interior Design Colleges Serve As A Launch Pad For A Successful Career

With people becoming increasingly conscious about the beauty of their homes, the interior design industry has cashed in, big time. It is now a blossoming trade that is competing on the same level with its external counterpart civil engineering. Given such a scenario, it is only natural that there be a demand for qualified interior decorators. Consequently, this led to the establishment of several institutions that offered an interior design stream for education. This article traces the growth and establishment of interior design colleges.


The first question to be answered is always a why. Why is an interior design college necessary? Firstly, while it is a large field in itself, customers started becoming more particular. Design tastes started evolving as time passed. Design colleges ensure that their students are kept up to date with the current trend. Moreover, customers started looking for some sort of accreditation from the interior decorators they were recruiting. This was provided by the educational body that the designers studied in. There are numerous other reasons, but the substantial ones are quoted above.

Next, we take a look at the course structure. This differs from institution to institution. While some colleges specify a three year course, there are also longer courses as well as crash courses. The duration of the course also depends on the type of degree sought. For instance, a B.Arch degree may take up to four years while a diploma may take 2 years or so. Also available are post graduate courses that make take up to two more years depending on the specialization that one chooses.

Interior design also encompasses other fields such as textiles, jewelry, fashion and accessory design. These are more are taught at an interior design college. Also taught are computer oriented courses on 2D design, programming languages and other such subjects. Again, these courses depend on the degree selected. While undergraduate studies give students a basic overview, most postgraduate courses are specialized in nature. Some institutions also make a difference between interior designers and interior architects. This difference is made by the courses taught and the general direction that is given to the students. The course fee varies accordingly. Find out more about courses and places of study at

Most colleges are usually approved and accredited by the educational authority of that region. Some might also opt to get approval from specific bodies of interior design. For example, bachelor of fine arts program at Harrington’s College of Design is accredited by the Council for Interior Design Accreditation.

As an ending note, one must consider all the available options before settling on an interior design college. The college that one graduates out of often holds high value with prospective customers. A good college also serves as a launch pad for a successful career. Most students have the chance to land jobs in well known institutions as they are about to complete their education. In short: choose wisely. –Arsitek Interior

Tips for Preparing Your Lawn, Plants, Trees and Furniture for Winter

Every year, as the weather changes, there are many steps that homeowners take to winterize their yards, gardens and protect their patio furniture. Below are a few tips to help.

Winterizing your yard

For many people, the final mowing of the grass is somewhat of a ritual as well. Set your blade to about 1″ for the final mowing and rather than mulching the grass, collect it in the bag and dump the bag. This allows your grass to be fully able to soak up the last of there fall sunlight and strengthen the root system in the fall. For lawns with cool-weather grass varieties (such as the very popular Kentucky Bluegrass), it is very important to make sure that the root system has a chance to develop during the fall. This means that your grass needs water, light and an application of fall fertilizer. (Yes, you really do need to rake, mow or use a blower to remove the fallen leaves from the ground for the grass to receive the light that it needs.) Some people aerate their lawns in the spring and fall as well.

Plants & trees

If you have plants outdoors that can be brought indoors for the winter, it is important to do this before the first frost. Otherwise, cut back plants and clean out your flowerbeds. For the frugal gardener, collect and dry seeds of your annuals throughout the summer and reseed through the season. You can collect and dry your annual seeds for planting next spring. Trees should not be watered past midsummer so that they have a chance to harden, strengthening the tree trunk and branches. This can reduce limb and branch breakage in the winter months. About a week before the first freeze, you should give your trees a good deep root watering for the season.

Winterizing your furniture

Depending on the type of furniture, the winterization process is different. When you have furniture with cushions, it is important to put these away for the season so that they are protected from the moisture. Some people cover their outdoor wood furniture with furniture covers. Some wooden outdoor furniture does not need any special covers since it is especially resistant to the elements. The wood that is the most commonly associated with this strength is teak, which can remain in the elements year round and is maintenance free.

Taking the time to properly winterize your yard, garden and outdoor wooden patio furniture can save you time, money, and give you a head start for the spring months giving you a healthier yard, plants or furniture that will last longer.- Teak Root Furniture